References


Species:

www.iucnredlist.org

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

http://cetus.ucsd.edu/voicesinthesea_org/index.html

http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/mammals/cetaceans

http://uk.whales.org/species-guide

http://www.eoearth.org/topics/view/51cbfc78f702fc2ba8129e9a/

http://marinebio.org/

http://animaldiversity.org/

http://www.cms.int/

http://www.cascadiaresearch.org/

Books:

National Audubon Society Guide to Marine Mammals of the World, Reeves, Stewart, Clapham and Powell, ISBN 0-375-41141-0

Whales & Dolphins Guide to the Biology and Behaviour of Cetaceans, Maurizio Wurtz and Nadia Repetto. ISBN 1-84037-043-2

Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, editors Perrin, Wursig and Thewissen, ISBN 0-12-551340-2

The Pinnipeds: Seals, Sea Lions, and Walruses, Marianne Riedman, University of California Press, 1991 ISBN: 0520064984

Marine Mammal Research: Conservation beyond Crisis, edited by John E. Reynolds III, William F. Perrin, Randall R. Reeves, Suzanne Montgomery and Timothy J. Ragen, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005 ISBN: 0801882559

Walker’s Mammals of the World, Ronald M. Nowak, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999 ISBN: 0801857899

Randall R. Reeves, Brent S. Stewart, Phillip J. Clapham and James A. Powell (2002). National Audubon Society Guide to Marine Mammals of the World. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN 0375411410.

Martin, A.R. (1990) Whales and Dolphins. Salamander Books, London.

Nowak, R.M. (1991) Walker’s Mammals of the World. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London

Leatherwood, S. and Reeves, R.R. 1983. The Sierra Club Handbook of Whales and Dolphins. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco ISBN: 0871563401

Grzimek, B. 2004. Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia. Detroit: Thomson-Gale.

Orcas (Orcinus orca)

Au, W.W.L., Ford, J.K.B., Horne, J.K. & Newman Allman, K.A. 2003. Echolocation signals for free-ranging killer whales (Orcinus orca) and modeling of foraging for Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). J.Acoust.Soc.Am. 115 (2): 901-909.

Bain, D.E. & Dahlheim, M.E. 1994. Effects of masking noise on detection threshold of killer whales. In: Marine mammals and the Exxon Valdez (Ed.  T.R. Loughlin) pp. 243-256.

Barrett-Lennard, L.G., Ford, J.K.B. & Heise, K.A. 1996. The mixed blessing of echolocation: differences in sonar use by fish-eating and mammal-eating killer whales. Animal Behaviour, 51:553-565.

Barrett-Lennard, L. G. 2000. Population structure and mating patterns of killer whales, Orcinus orca, as revealed by DNA analysis. In: Ph.D. thesis in Zoology. Vancouver, BC, Canada: University of British Columbia.

Bigg, M. A. 1982. An assessment of killer whale (Orcinus orca) stocks off Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Rept. Int. Whal. Commn. 32: 655-66.

Bradbury, J.W., & Vehrencamp, S.L. 1998. Princ. of animal communication. Sinauer Ass. Inc.

Deecke, V.B., Slater, P.J.B. & Ford, J.K.B. 2002. Selective habitat shapes acoustic predator recognition in harbour seals. Nature 420: 171-173.

Dragesund, O., Hamre, J., & Ulltang, Ø. 1980. Biology and population dynamics of the Norwegian spring-spawning herring. Rapp. P.V. Reun. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 177: 43-71.

Enger, P.S., 1967. Hearing in herring. Comp. Biochem. Physiolog. 22:527-538.

Fertl, D., 2002. Fisheries, interference with. In Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Ed Perrin, W.F., Würsig, B & Thewissen J.G.M., Academic Press, San Diego, US.

Ford, J. K. B. 1989. Acoustic behaviour of resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) off Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 67: 727-745.

Ford, J. K. B. 1991. Vocal traditions among resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in coastal waters of British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 69: 1454-1483.

Ford, J. K. B. & Ellis, G. M. 1999. Transients – Mammal-Hunting Killer Whales. Vancouver, BC, Canada: UBC Press.

Ford, J.K.B. & Fisher, H.D. 1982. Killer whales (Orcinus orca) dialects as an indicator of stocks in British Columbia. Report of the Int.Whal.Comm. 32: 671-679.

Ford, J.K., Ellis, G.M., Barrett-lennard L., Morton, A., Palm, R. and Balcomb, K.C., 1998. Dietary specialization in two sympatric populations of killer whales (Orcinus orca) in coastal British Columbia and adjacent waters. Can.J.Zool., 76:1456-1471

Foote A.D., Osborne, R.W. and Hoelzel R.A., 2004. “Whale-call response to masking boat noise”, Nature, Vol. 428, pp.910.

Hamre, J., 1990. Life history and exploitation of the Norwegian spring-spawning herring. In Biology and fisheries of the Norwegian spring-spawning herring and blue whiting in the northeast Atlantic. Ed. T.

Monstad. Inst. Marine Res., Bergen, Norway. Pp 5-39.

Hoelzel, A.R. & Osborne, R.W. 1986. Killer whale call characteristics: implications for cooperative foraging strategies. In: Behavioural Biology of Killer whales (Ed. By B.C. Kirkevold & J.S. Lockard) pp. 373-403. New York: A.R.Liss.

Janik, V.M.  & Slater, P.J.B., 1998. Context specific use suggests that bottlenose dolphin signature whistles are cohesion calls. Anim. Behav. 56: 829-838

Lesage, V.C. Barrette & M.C.S. Kingsley 1993. ”The effect of noise from an outboard motor and a ferry on the vocal activity of beluga in the St. Lawrence Estuary, Canada” 10th bienn. conf. biol. mar. mamm., Galveston, TX, Nov. 1993.

Mann, J. 2000. In: Cetacean Societies, Ed. Mann, J., Connor, R.C., Tyack, P.L. & Whitehead H. The University of Chicago Press.

Mann, D.A., Lu, Z., Hastings, M.C., Popper, A.N., 1998. “ Detection of ultrasonic tones and simulated dolphin echolocation clicks by a teleost fish, the American shad (Alosa sapidissima)”, J.Acoust.Soc., 104(1):562-8.

Miller, P.J.O. & Bain, D.E. 2000. Within-pod variation in the sound production of a pod of killer whales, Orcinus orca. Animal Behaviour 60: 617-628.

Miller, P. J. O. 2002. Mixed-directionality of killer whale stereotyped calls: a direction of movement cue? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 52, 262-270.

Misund, O.A., Ovredal, J.T. & Hafsteinsson, M.T., 1996. Reactions of herring schools to the sound field of a survey vessel. Aquat.Living Resour. 9: 5-11

Moore, S.E., Francine, J.K., Bowles, A.E. & Ford, J.K.B. 1988. Analysis of calls of killer whales, Orcinus orca, from Iceland and Norway. Rit Fiskideildar  11: 225-250.

Olesuik, P.F., Bigg, M.A., & Ellis, G.M. 1990. Life history and population dynamics of resident killer whales in the coastal waters of British Columbia and Washington State. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 12:209-43.

Øien, N., 1993. Abundance of killer whales (Orcinus orca) in waters off Norway. NAMMCO working paper SC-WG/NBK1/. NAMMCO, Tromsø, Norway.

Richardson, W. J., Greene, C. R., Malme, C. I. & Thomson, D. H. 1995. Marine mammals and noise. San Diego: Academic Press, div. Harcourt Brace & Co

Schevill, W. & Watkins, W. 1966. Sound structure and directionality in Orcinus (killer whale). Zoologica, 51: 71-76.

Similä, T. 1997. Behavioural ecology of killer whales in northern Norway. PhD thesis, NFH, University of Tromsø.

Similä, T., & Ugarte, F., 1993. Surface and underwater observations of cooperatively feeding killer whales in northern Norway. Can. J. Zool. 71:1494-1499.

Similä, T., Holst, J.C. & Christensen, I., 1996. Occurrence and diet of killer whales in northern Norway: seasonal patterns relative to the distribution and abundance to of Norwegian spring-spawning herring.  Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 53: 769-779.

Similä, T., Turunen, S. & Ericsson, Y., 2005. Europ. Cetacean Soc. 19th annual conference, La Rochelle, France.

Simon, M. 2004. Sounds produced by foraging killer whales (Orcinus orca). MSc. Thesis University of Southern Denmark-Odense.

Strager H, 1993. Catalogue of underwater calls from killer whales (Orcinus orca) in Northern Norway. MSc. Thesis, University of Aarhus, Denmark.

Strager, H. 1995. Pod-specific call repertoires and compound calls of killer whales, Orcinus orca Linnaeus, 1758, in waters of northern Norway. Can.J.Zool. 73 (6): 1037-1047.

Thomsen F., Franck, D. & Ford, J.K:B. 2002. On the communicative significance of whistles in wild killer whales (Orcinus orca). Naturwissenschaften 89: 404-407.

Ugarte, F., 2001. Behaviour and social organisation of killer whales in Northern Norway. Master thesis, NFH, University of Tromsø, Norway.

Van Opzeeland, I. C.; Corkeron, P. J., Leyssen, T., Similä, T., Van Parijs, S. M., 2005. Acoustic Behaviour of Norwegian Killer Whales, Orcinus orca, During Carousel and Seiner Foraging on Spring-Spawning Herring. Aqu. Mamm., Vol.31, No 1, pp. 110-119(10).

Van  Parijs, S.M., Leyssen, T. & Similä, T. 2004. Sounds produced by Norwegian killer whales, Orcinus orca, during capture. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116 (1): 557-560.

Vester & Hammerschmidt, 2011. Marine Biodiversity Records, page 1-5. # Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 2013 doi:10.1017/S1755267212001030; Vol. 6; e9; 2013 Published online
2013-02_Vester-Hammerschmidt_salmon-feeding-norw-orcas

Watkins, W.A. 1967. The harmonic interval: fact or artefact in spectral analysis of pulse trains. In: Marine Bioacoustics. Vol.2 (Ed. By W.N. Tavolga) pp. 15-43. New York: Pergammon Press.

Whitehead, H., Dillon, M, Dufault, S., Weilgart, L & Wright, J. 1998. “Non-geographically based population structure of South Pacific sperm whales: dialects, fluke-markings and genetics. J. Animal Ecol. 67: 253-262.

Wilson, B & Dill, L.M., 2002. Pacific herring respond to simulated odontocete echolocation sounds. Can. J. Fish. Aquatic. Sci. 59:542-553.

Yurk, H., Barrett-Lennard, L., Ford, J.K.B & Matkins, C.O. 2002. Cultural transmission within maternal lineages: vocal clans in resident killer whales in southern Alaska. Animal Behaviour 63: 1103-1119.

Peale’s dolphin

Viddi, F.A. and Lescrauwaet, A.K. (2005) Insights on habitat selection and behavioural patterns of Peale’s dolphins (Lagenorhynchus australis) in the Strait of Magellan, Southern Chile. Aquatic Mammals, 31 (2): 176 – 183.

Iñíguez, M.A. and de Haro, J.C. (1994) Preliminary report on the feeding habits of the Peale’s dolphin (Lagenorhynchus australis) in southern Argentina. Aquatic Mammals, 21 (1): 35 – 37.

Claver, J., M. Iniguez, D. Lombardo, I. von Lawzewitsch. 1992. Preliminary Observations on Ovarian Activity and Sexual Maturity in Female Peale’s Dolphin (Lagenorynchus australis). Aquatic Mammals, 18: 85-88

Goodall, R., J. de Haro, F. Fraga, M. Iniquez, K. Norris. 1997. Sightings and Behavior of Peale’s Dolphins, Lagenorynchus australis, with Notes on Dusky Dolphins, L. obscurus, off Southern Most South America. International Whaling Commission Report, 47: 757-775

Goodall, R., K. Norris, W. Schevill, F. Fraga, R. Praderi. 1997. Review and Update on the Biology of the Peale’s Dolphin, Lagenorynchus australis. International Whaling Commission Report, 47: 777-796.   Lescrauwaet, A. 1997. Notes on the Behavior and the Ecology of the Peale’s Dolphin, Lagenorynchus in the Strait of Magellan, Chile. International Whaling Commission Report, 47: 747-755.

Mead, James G., and Robert L. Brownell, Jr. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Order Cetacea. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1. 723-743 Search! Nowak, R. 1999. Walkers Mammals of the World, Sixth ediition. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press

Perrin, W. (2010). Lagenorhynchus australis (Peale, 1848). In: Perrin, W.F. World Cetacea Database. Accessed through: Perrin, W.F. World Cetacea Database at http://www.marinespecies.org/cetacea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=254980 on 2011-02-05

Schiavini, A., R. Goodall, A. Lescrauwaet, M. Koen Alonso. 1997. Food Habits of the Peale’s Dolphin, Lagenorynchus australis; Review and New Information. International Whaling Commission Report, 47: 827-834.

de Haro, J., M. Iniquez. 1997. Ecology and Behavior of the Peale’s Dolphin, Lagenorynchus australis (Peale, 1848), at Cabo Virgenes (52 degrees 30′ S., 68 degees 28’W), in Patagonia, Argentina. International Whaling Commission Report, 47: 723-727.

Commerson’s dolphin

Bastida, R., Lechtschein, V. and Goodall, R.N.P. 1988. Food habits of Cephalorynchus commersonii off Tierra del Fuego. Pages 143-161 in R. Brownell, Jr. and G.P. Donovan, eds. Biology of the genus Cephalorynchus. Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 9).

Brown, S.G. 1988. Records of Commerson’s dolphin (Cephalorynchus commersonii in South American waters and around South Georgia. Pages 85-92 in R. Brownell, Jr. and G.P. Donovan, eds. Biology of the genus Cephalorynchus. Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 9).

Collet, A. and Robineau, D. Data on the gential tract and repoduction in Commerson’s delphin, Cephalorhynchus commersonii (Lacepede, 1804), from the Kerguelen Islands. Pages 119-142 in R. Brownell, Jr. and G.P. Donovan, eds. Biology of the genus Cephalorynchus. Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 9).

Goodall, R.N.P. 1994. Commerson’s dolphin. Pages 241-267 in S.H Ridgway and R. Harrison, eds. Handbook of Marine Mammals. Volume 5: The First Book of Dolphins. Academic Press Limited, San Diego.

Goodall, R.N.P, Galeazzi, A.R., Leatherwood, S., Miller, K.W., Cameron, I.S., Kastelein, R.K. and Sobral, A.P. 1988. Studies of Commerson’s dolphins, Cephalorynchus commersonii, off Tieraa del Fuego, 1976-1984, with a review of information on the speices in the South Atlantic. Pages 3-70 in R. Brownell, Jr. and G.P. Donovan, eds. Biology of the genus Cephalorynchus. Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 9).

Leatherwood, S., Kastelein, R.A. and Miller, K.W. 1988. Observations of Commerson’s dophin and other cetaceans in south Chile, Janurary-February 1984. Pages 71-84 in R. Brownell, Jr. and G.P. Donovan, eds. Biology of the genus Cephalorynchus. Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 9).

Leatherwood, S., Kastelein, R.A. and Hammond, P.S. Estimate of numbers of comerson’s dolphins in a portion of hte northeaster strait of Magellan, January-February 1984. Pages 93-102 in R. Brownell, Jr. and G.P. Donovan, eds. Biology of the genus Cephalorynchus. Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 9).

 Lockyer, C., Goodall, R.N.P., and Galeazzi, A.R. Age and body-length characteristics of Cephalorynchus commersonii from incidentally-caught specimens off Tierra del Fuego. Pages 103-118 in R. Brownell, Jr. and G.P. Donovan, eds. Biology of the genus Cephalorynchus. Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 9).